Toyota Hilux is a series of compact pickup trucks produced and marketed by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota. Most countries used the Hilux name for the entire life of the series but in North America, the Hilux name was retired in 1976 in favor of Truck, SUV or compact. In North America the popular option package, SR5, colloquially used as a model name for the truck, even though the option package was also used in other models like the Toyota Corolla. In 1984, hiker, camper version of the Hilux, was renamed as the 4Runner in Australia and North America, and as the Hilux Surf in Japan. In 1995, Toyota introduced a new pickup model, the Tacoma in North America, interruption Hilux / Pickup there. 4Runner is now a full SUV, and the more recent models do not resemble the Tacoma.
Hilux started production in March 1968 as the RN10 in the form of long wheelbase with 1.5 L engine, producing 77 PS in the specifications of the Japanese market, and Japan that was available in Japan Toyota retailer Toyopet dealer called Toyota Park and Reserve. Engine structure was available for 130 km to the speed claimed in the top. This was increased to 1.6 L inline-four engine in February 1971.
In April 1969, long version wheelbase of this range. Short wheelbase version also continued in production for many years. long version was not sold in the North American market until 1972. Hilux is offered as an alternative to Toyota Corona Toyota Corona-based trucks in Japan, the crown and the crown is repositioned as a sedan. Month May 1972, 1973 model year Hilux was released as RN20. Best indoor specified along with the updates out. 2.25 m long bed was an option for the first time in North America, although this version has been available worldwide since April 1969. This received a “RN25” chassis code.
Hilux was largely rebuilt in 1975 and becoming larger and equipped with an increasing rate. In North America, the new version also meant the introduction of large luxury 20R engine and SR5 trim packages. five-speed manual transmission became optional. In North America, the Hilux name was fully fixed in favor of “Truck” by that year, having dropped from brochures and advertising starting in 1973.
Hilux re-introduced in August 1978, 4WD variant introduced in January 1979. 4WD variant is not offered by any engine smaller than the “18R” two liters offered some of the most common technologies and large Toyota Land Cruiser. The production of four wheel drives stopped in July 1983, but there were some differences remained 2WD supports next generation. L series diesel engine was offered on the 2WD variants from September 1979 and the 4WD variants in March 1983. In Japan, the Hilux was accompanied by all new Toyota MasterAce, share the burden, responsibility and sold in parts Toyota Hilux park parallel.
In North America the Hilux saw the use of four-wheel drive. He had a front axle and leaf suspension. body saw a redesign that included single round headlights and a body less complex. This new 4WD setup featured a gear driven transfer case RF1A. This transfer case is unique in that its share of low-range reduction can be replicated, which some refer to as the event that two or three times the transfer. This results in a much lower overall gear. It was the first Hilux with automatic transmission is available.
August 1983 redesign introduced the Xtracab, extended cab option two rows. These models “1984” made on the carburetor 22R engine while 1984 model year also saw the introduction of the fuel injected 22R-E. Also featured are two diesel engines, 2L and 2L-T turbo. diesel were discontinued in the U.S. according to the 1986 model, this is due to higher performance expectations from customers and the wide availability of low cost of gasoline. The next year saw the introduction of the turbo option, 22R-TE, perhaps due to increasing competition from Nissan who already offered a V6 truck at this time. solid front axle was swapped out for a loaf of configuration independent front suspension / torsion in the 4 × 4 model in 1986, and automatic front locking hubs and optional electronic transfer case is also. V6 engine was introduced in 1988. 4Runner Hilux-base which made its entry into Australia, North America and the UK is based on the generation Hilux in some other markets, such as Japan, is called the Hilux Surf.
Next redesign, in 1988, produced a viable long wheelbase, instead of 3099 mm to 2616 mm regular wheelbase. Its walls load one piece boxes eliminates rust-prone seams that were found in earlier models. Xtracab SR5 V6 won Truck of the Year that year Motor Trend magazine. Xtracabs now featured more room behind the front seats than the last generation which allowed optional jump seats for rear passengers, a feature more in line with competitors of the time.
In 1991, American production began at the NUMMI plant in Fremont, California, however some trucks sold in the United States during the 91-95 model years were still manufactured in Japan. Toyota Hilux received a minor facelift in the 1991 model, primarily a minor grill change and the new Toyota emblem that had been recently adopted. It was during this generation that Toyota discontinued the Hilux in the United States, replacing it with the new Tacoma in 1995.
Both the Tacoma and the Hilux were updated in 2005. Tacoma is based on the new 4Runner chassis, while the Hilux rides on a version of the energy levels of images found in previous versions. New Hilux has increased in size and is now classified as a mid-sized pickup. Tacoma had a new 4.0 L V6 engine that produces 176 kW and 361 Nm of torque. Its design was similar to the Toyota 4Runner.
Toyota Hilux models are sold in Asian markets in Australia, Middle East, and are built and assembled in Thailand, where the vehicle is called the Hilux Vigo, or simply Vigo. For the markets of Europe and South Africa Hilux is built in Durban, South Africa. As of December 2009, is the best selling vehicle in South Africa. Those sold in South America are made in Argentina, as with the previous generation Hilux. In Asia, the Hilux Vigo platform was used as the basis for Toyota’s IMV program which spawned Innova MPV and Fortuner SUV / PPV.
In August 2012, Toyota launches update Champ Toyota Hilux Vigo in Thailand, along with the renovation of an advertising contract with Cristiano Ronaldo, the biggest improvement is with 5-speed transmission 4-speed automatic space automatic last year improve performance in 3 liters of 171PS 163PS and added directly to the model 2.5-liter variant, as well as the cleaning of some variant of the car, and added a center headrest in the back seat crew cab.