Volkswagen Golf is a compact car manufactured by German automaker Volkswagen since 1974, sold worldwide in seven generations, in various body talks under various nameplates as Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada as the Volkswagen Caribbean in Mexico. Golf MK1 original, designed by the Italian Giorgetto Giugiaro, was front-wheel drive, front-engine instead of by air, car rear engine, rear wheel drive Volkswagen Beetle. Historically, the Golf is Volkswagen’s best-selling model and the second best-selling model in the world, with more than 29 million built by 2012.
More production Volkswagen Golf was initially in the 3-door hatchback style. Other variations include a 5-door hatchback, car, convertible, a sedan derivative Golf saloon / sedan, variously called Volkswagen Jetta, Volkswagen Vento or Volkswagen Bora. Cars and filled many market segments, from cars based on the personal, high performance fire hatches. Volkswagen Golf has won many awards in its history. Every generation of Golf has been a runner-up in the European Car of the Year awards, but only one has been a winner, MK3 Golf in 1992. Volkswagen Golf has been in the car and driver top 10 often.
The first generation (A1/Typ 17, 1974/83)
September 1983 saw the introduction of the second generation Golf Mk2 that slightly grew in terms of wheelbase, exterior and interior configuration, while retaining, in a more rounded overall look MK1. In 1985, the first Golfs with four-wheel drive went on sale with the same Syncro drive system on all four wheels used in the supercharged G60 models, exclusively released on the continent in 1989 with 120 kW and ABS brakes.
Mk2-based second generation Jetta was unveiled in January 1984. There was no Mk2-based Cabriolet model, however, Mk2 MK1 Cabriolet continued throughout the production cycle.
Third generation Volkswagen Golf (1H A3/Typ, 1993-1999)
third-generation Volkswagen Golf Mk3 made its debut in the domestic market in August 1991 and again grew slightly in comparison with its immediate predecessor, while its wheelbase remained unchanged. The new engines include the first injection turbo diesel Golf direct and narrow-angle 2.8 L VR6 engine. Version with VR6 engine speeds 0-60 mph in 7.1 seconds, Golf Cabriolet received a facelift MK3 MK4 style, for example in late 1999 and continued until 2002. sedan version, called the Volkswagen Vento, was introduced in January 1992. It was European Car of the Year 1992, ahead of PSA new ZX model and GM’s new Astra model.
Volkswagen Golf Mk4 was first introduced in August 1997, followed by a three-volume version in August 1998 and a new Golf Variant in March 1999. There was no Mk4-derived Cabriolet, although MK3 Cabriolet received a facelift in late 1999 that comprised bumpers, grill and headlights similar to those of the Mark 4 models.
From 2008, a variant of MK4 Golf / Bora were still in production in Brazil, China and Mexico. MK4 settings versions were sold in Canada marketed as the City Golf and City Jetta 2007-2010. The two models that offers entry level VW Canada. They found significant refresh for the 2008 model, including headlights, taillights adjustment, front and rear fascias, sound systems, and wheels. Both models are offered only 2.0 L, 8-valve petrol engine four cylinder SOHC with a capacity of 86 kW. They were the only entry-level offering voluntary six-speed automatic. MK4 Golf Production to the U.S. market ended in 2006. However, for European markets, the production of the fourth generation ended in 2003.
Volkswagen Golf was introduced in Europe in 2003. In North America, Volkswagen Rabbit plate returned when a car introduced in 2006. Model North American base is powered by a 2.5 L five-cylinder engine that produces 112 kW in 2006 and 2007, but rose to 127 kW in future models. GTI version is powered by a turbocharged version of the 2.0 TFSI engine that produces 147 kW.
Volkswagen also introduced the “Fast” marketing strategy for the North American market “, dedicated to the” fast “that lives inside every driver.” Drivers who bought new dealer Mk5s GTI were shipped to stores that image, which employs GTI features like. GTI version is the only version on sale in Mexico.
Volkswagen Golf MK6 based on the latest available on the PQ35 platform from the Golf Mk5. This car debuted at the 2008 Paris Motor Show. MK6 Golf was designed by Volkswagen’s chief designer, Walter de Silva. design is said to be more aerodynamic, helping fuel efficiency, and is quieter than its predecessor. Following criticism of the downgraded interior trim quality of the Mk5 Golf in comparison to the Mk4, Volkswagen decided to change the interior to match the quality and MK4 Golf, while maintaining the same ease of use of the Mk5. car is also cheaper to build than its predecessor, Volkswagen claims that it will be able to pass these savings on to customers. MK6 Jetta was released in Mexico between 2010 and 2011, and will be available at the end of all markets worldwide. Direct injection diesel engines use turbocharged common rail direct injection rather long Pumpe unit injector system. New on the Golf, is the optional Volkswagen Adaptive Chassis Control which allows the driver to select between ‘normal’, ‘comfort’ and means ‘Game’, which will vary the behavior of the suspension, steering and throttle accordingly.
Volkswagen Golf MK6 available for 5-6 and speed transmission gearbox, 6 – or 7-speed DSG. In the United States, the original version was sold as the Rabbit Mk5 2006-2009. In 2010, Volkswagen Golf returned to the middle plate of the update cycle. Although this brought 170 hp, 2.5-liter I-5 and 240 Nm of torque and the 2.0-liter clean diesel engine turbo 140 horsepower that makes 320 Nm of torque. GTI gets a 200-horsepower, turbocharged petrol engine and Golf R 256 – horsepower version of the same engine. All three of these engines can be combined with dual-clutch DSG transmission 6-speed automatic or 6-speed manual 3 – or 5-door configuration.